People living with diabetes bought a good education on diabetes; information on diabetes, blood glucose testing and insulin injection to enable them to know the best ways to manage and control their problems. Such diabetes education will not only help them lead a healthy life, but will make them understand that diabetes itself is not the end of the world for them.
A newly diagnosed diabetic is usually admitted to the hospital for stabilization of his diet. He is frequently alerted and disciplined, and a thorough and cautious explanation must be given by the doctor, while the dietitian and the nurse have an important role to play to cheer up. The main point on which he will want instructions or may seek advice are:
* Insulin: The diabetic patient must know the type, amount and timing of giving, how to sterilize the patient. 39, needle and syringe at home, how to fill the syringe, choose the site and give the injection. A detailed insulin should be administered and an opportunity to exercise under supervision. The most important point is that insulin should never be omitted, if the disease prevents him from following his diet, he has to go to bed and send the doctor immediately. Infections increase the body’s need for insulin.
* Diet: The patient with diabetes is told the importance of regular meals, how to exchange food, what food to weigh and how often. Many ask questions about the foods of diabetic patients and the answer is that one should take none without the carbohydrate content on the label, and that the dietitian can be consulted on others.
* Hypoglycemia: If blood glucose drops too low, symptoms will appear that the patient should recognize. They are weakness, hunger, fainting and sweating. In addition, nurses may experience signs of diabetes such as mood changes, prominence of the eyes, rapid pulse and loss of consciousness accompanied by muscle contractions. Diabetic patients should carry sugar cubes with them to avoid such attacks and a card indicating their complaint and giving the name of their doctor, in case they lose consciousness on the street.
Hypoglycemia can be relieved by these means;
a) By taking sugar, glucose or sweet fruit juice through the mouth.
(b) Glucose (20G) in solution by nasal probe in the stomach.
(c) Adrenaline 5 minims by hypodermic injection. This mobilizes hepatic glycogen.
* Urine Test: The urine should be tested for sugar at regular intervals and at times when the routine routine is in any case upset. The use of reagent strips made it a simple procedure to perform and read. The results should always be recorded and sent to the clinic at the time of the attack.
* Social Issues: While the diabetic can exercise almost any profession where regular meals are possible, the risk of hypoglycemia would allow him to fly a plane or drive a train. The issue of driving is more difficult and a trial has indicated that a person with hypoglycemia can be charged with driving under the influence of drugs.